Lack of Regular Patches and Updates
While an IT device may be secure at the time of purchase, hackers eventually detect new bugs and vulnerabilities. Only regular updates and patches can save a vulnerable device. However, many IT device manufacturers deploy security patches irregularly. Therefore, cybercriminals get sufficient time to crack the security protocols and access business-sensitive data.
Insufficient Password Protection
Hard-coded and embedded credentials — such as pre-configured passwords set by manufacturers — provide an easy passageway for cybercriminals to enter business networks if they’re not reset on a regular basis. When an entire product line has the same credentials (such as username: admin and password: admin), it creates a golden opportunity for hackers to exploit your network.
Just securing your IT device is not enough. Securing the web, application API, cloud and mobile interfaces is also important. Unsecured interfaces lacking strict authentication and authorization protocols play right into the hands of cybercriminals.
Usage of Vulnerable Third-Party Applications
There are multiple third-party software applications available on the internet that you can integrate into the IT ecosystem. However, verifying their authenticity can be difficult. Installing such applications without caution could result in threat agents entering the system and corrupting the embedded database.
Improper Device Tracking
IT manufacturers usually configure unique device identifiers to monitor and track devices. However, some manufacturers do not follow a standard security policy. In such cases, detecting suspicious online activity becomes difficult.
Inadequate Data Protection
There is a significant chance for data compromise when data collected by an IT device moves across a network and gets stored in a new location. Lack of encryption or access control of business-sensitive data within the ecosystem (both at rest and in transit) invites hackers.
If end users do not have sufficient knowledge about the IT device, it can lead to a cyberattack. An untrained employee may be unaware that even connecting to an unsecured Wi-Fi network could turn into a security threat.
Get the best out of IT by following these best practices and strategies:
Conduct thorough and routine IT risk assessments within your organization. Frequency — daily, monthly, annually — will depend on your unique business needs and risks.
• Automate routine patch management.
• Include third-party systems in security policy management.
• Assume that no device or network is 100% secure. At any stage, a hacker could successfully attack a connected device or system.
• Use only trusted device IDs.
• Make it a policy requirement to store and lock IDs and credentials for IT applications (especially extra sensitive ones) in secured (tamper-resistant) hardware with digital controls.
• Ensure only encrypted data is present within the IT ecosystem (at rest and in transit).
• Deploy strict identity and access management policies.
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